Review Of Maritime Transport 2018

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Tan Cang - Cai Mep International Terminal (vtvplus.vn) gateStrongly increasing container throughput volume in Vietnam

According to lớn the Vietnam Maritime Administration, in the first nine months of 2018, the cargo throughput volume reached nearly 386 million tons. In particular, container cargo volume reached more than 13.3 million TEUs, gained 18% & 27% respectively in comparison with the same period of 2017. In particularity of September 2018, the cargo throughput volume reached about 42.9 million, the cargo container volume was over 1.4 million TEUs, gained 18% và 30% respectively in comparison with the same period of 2017.

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Mr. Bui Thien Thu, Deputy Director General of Vietnam Maritime Administration, said that ports in Ho bỏ ra Minh, Vung Tau, quang Ninh, nhì Phong have the largest volume with the total of 51.98 to 73.53 million tons. Some other seaports are also in the đứng top with the highest volume of cargoes throughput such as: Ha Tinh - increased 97% (from 8.86 million tons lớn nearly 17.5 million tons); Quang nam giới increased by 83.5% (from approximately 938 thousand tons to lớn over 1.7 million tons); Nghe An increased 81% (from over 3.5 million tons to nearly 6.5 million tons). In addition, some ports in the region such as Binh Thuan và My Tho also had cargoes throughput volume increased by 40- 46%.

“According to lớn the statistics of the first eight months, the cargo container throughput volume in some ports increased sharply, especially quang đãng Ninh increased 161% (from nearly 42.7 thousand TEUs lớn over 111 thousand TEUs) due khổng lồ CICT port in Cai Lan port opened trial in 6/2017 with the international container line and increasingly effective; Nghe An increased 85.4% (from 32.8 thousand tons to lớn 60.8 thousand tons", Mr. Thu said.

However, according to Mr. Thu, in addition khổng lồ the group of ports with high growth rate as the above, there are still some ports in Kien Giang, quang quẻ Tri had the throughput volume reduction of 32-67% over the same period 2017. "The reason is that by 2018, Kien Giang area does not have the volume of sand dredged in the port as 2017", Mr. Thu said.

NYK Behind LNG Carrier Order at Samsung

Japanese shipping company NYK is the Asian owner that ordered an LNG carrier from the South Korean shipbuilder Samsung Heavy Industries (SHI)last week.

The newbuilding has been chartered out lớn Total Gas & Power Chartering Limited (TGPCL), a subsidiary of French oil and energy firm Total, for a period of seven years.

The company has an option lớn extend the charter for one additional year.

NYK said that the LNG carrier would be equipped with a WinGD-made dual-fuel slow-speed diesel engine that can operate on marine gas oil or boil off gas stored in the cargo tank.

“The cargo tank will be a 174,000 cubic meter capacity membrane-type tank that will make use of advanced insulating materials khổng lồ suppress the boil-off rate in the cargo tank. In addition, the new carrier will realize superior efficiency và economical LNG transportation through use of a re-liquefaction system that can use surplus boil-off gas effectively,”the company added.

Samsung revealed that the khuyến mãi is worth around KRW 200.1 billion (USD 180 million).

The new vessel is due khổng lồ be delivered by the over of March, 2021.

UNCTAD: 7 Key Trends Impacting the Shipping Industry’s Future

Seaborne trade expanded by a healthy 4% in 2017, the fastest growth in five years, with a similar growth forecast this year, according to lớn UNCTAD’sReview of Maritime Transport 2018.

Volumes across all segments are set lớn grow in 2018, with containerized and dry bulk commodities expected khổng lồ record the fastest growth at the expense of tanker volumes.

Healthy trade growth aside, the 2018 edition of the report also looked at the key opportunities and challenges faced by the shipping industry, and here are the 7 trends lớn be weary of:

Growing protectionism

First, on the demand side, the uncertainty arising from wide-ranging geopolitical, economic, và trade policy risks, as well as some structural shifts, have a negative impact on maritime trade. Of immediate concern are inward-looking policies & rising protectionist sentiment that could undermine global economic growth, restrict trade growth & shift trading patterns.

“While the prospects for seaborne trade are positive, these are threatened by the outbreak of trade wars & increased inward-looking policies,”UNCTAD Secretary-General Mukhisa Kituyi said.

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“Escalating protectionism & tit-for-tat tariff battles will potentially disrupt the global trading system which underpins demand for maritime transport.”

The warning comes against a background of an improved balance between demand & supply that has lifted shipping rates khổng lồ boost earnings và profits.

Supply-demand improvements, namely in the container and dry bulk shipping segments, are expected khổng lồ continue in 2018. Freight rates may benefit accordingly, although supply-side capacity management and deployment remain key. UNCTAD projects an average annual growth rate in total volumes of 3.8% up lớn 2023.

On the supply side, after five years of decelerating growth, 2017 saw a small pick-up in world fleet expansion. During the year, a total of 42 million gross tons were added khổng lồ global tonnage, equivalent lớn a modest 3.3% growth rate.

Technological advances

Second on the các mục are the continued unfolding of digitalization và e-commerce & the implementation of the Belt và Road Initiative. These bear major implications for shipping & maritime trade. Technological advances such as block chain applications, cargo and vessel tracking, autonomous ships, & the mạng internet of Things, hold opportunities for the global shipping industry.

However, there is still uncertainty within the maritime transport industry regarding possible safety, security và cybersecurity incidents, as well as concern about negative effects on the jobs of seafarers, most of whom come from developing countries.

Excessive capacity

Third, from the supply-side perspective, overly optimistic carriers competing for market giới thiệu may order excessive new capacity, thereby leading to worsened shipping market conditions. This, in turn, will upset the supply and demand balance & have repercussions on freight-rate levels and volatility, transport costs & earnings.

Consolidation

The fourth trend lớn be aware of is the liner shipping consolidation through mergers and alliances has been on the rise in recent years in response to lower demand levels & oversupplied shipping capacity dominated by mega container ships. The implication for competition levels, the potential for market power abuse by large shipping lines & the related impact on smaller players remain a concern. Competition authorities & regulators, as well as other relevant entities such as UNCTAD, need khổng lồ remain vigilant.

As of January 2018, the đứng top 15 shipping lines accounted for 70.3% of all capacity. Their chia sẻ has increased further with the completion of the operational integration of the new mergers in 2018, with the vị trí cao nhất 10 shipping lines controlling almost 70% of fleet capacity as of June 2018.

Three global liner shipping alliances dominate capacity deployed on the three major East-West container routes, collectively accounting for 93% of deployed capacity. Alliance members continue lớn compete on price while operational efficiency & capacity utilization gains are helping khổng lồ maintain low freight-rate levels. By joining forces and forming alliances, carriers have strengthened their bargaining nguồn vis-à-vis the seaports when negotiating port calls and terminal operations.

Growing consolidation can reinforce market power, potentially leading lớn decreased supply & service quality, và higher prices. Some of these negative outcomes may already be in effect. For example, in 2017–2018, the number of operators decreased in several small island developing States & structurally weak developing countries.

Vessel sizes và alliances

The fifth trend is alliance restructuring and larger vessel deployment, which are also redefining the relationship between ports and container shipping lines. Competition authorities and maritime transport regulators should also analyze the impact of market concentration & alliance deployment on the relationship between ports và carriers, UNCTAD said.

Increases in the size of vessels và the rise of mega-alliances have heightened the requirements for ports khổng lồ adapt. While liner shipping networks seem lớn have benefited from efficiency gains arising from consolidation & alliance restructuring, for ports, the benefits did not evolve at the same pace. This dynamic is further complicated by the shipping lines often being involved in port operations which in turn could redefine approaches to terminal concessions.

The report says that global ports and terminals need to lớn track and measure performance as port performance metrics enable sound strategic port planning, investment and decision-making.

Determining the value of shipping

Sixth, the value of shipping can no longer be determined by scale alone. The ability of the sector khổng lồ leverage relevant technological advances is becoming increasingly important.

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Environmental agenda

Finally, efforts lớn curb the carbon footprint & improve the environmental performance of international shipping remain high on the international agenda. When incomes lớn the implementation, owners will need khổng lồ consider carefully what compliance strategy to lớn choose.