System Validation And Verification

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The peer nhận xét process can be broadly summarized into 10 steps, although these steps can vary slightly between journals. Explore what’s involved, below.

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1. Submission of Paper

The corresponding or submitting tác giả submits the paper khổng lồ the journal. This is usually via an online system such as Scholar-One Manuscripts. Occasionally, journals may accept submissions by email.

2. Editorial Office Assessment

The journal checks the paper’s composition và arrangement against the journal’s author Guidelines to make sure it includes the required sections & stylizations. The unique of the paper is not assessed at this point.

3. Appraisal by the Editor-in-Chief (EIC)

The EIC checks that the paper is appropriate for the journal and is sufficiently original và interesting. If not, the paper may be rejected without being reviewed any further.

4. EIC Assigns an Associate Editor (AE)

Some journals have Associate Editors who handle the peer review. If they do, they would be assigned at this stage.

5. Invitation lớn Reviewers

The handling editor sends invitations khổng lồ individuals he or she believes would be appropriate reviewers. As responses are received, further invitations are issued, if necessary, until the required number of acceptances is obtained – commonly this is 2, but there is some variation between journals.

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6. Response lớn Invitations

Potential reviewers consider the invitation against their own expertise, conflicts of interest & availability. They then accept or decline. If possible, when declining, they might also suggest alternative reviewers.

7. Reviews is Conducted

The reviewer sets time aside khổng lồ read the paper several times. The first read is used to size an initial impression of the work. If major problems are found at this stage, the reviewer may feel comfortable rejecting the paper without further work. Otherwise they will read the paper several more times, taking notes so as lớn build a detailed point-by-point review. The review is then submitted to lớn the journal, with a recommendation khổng lồ accept or reject it – or else with a request for revision (usually flagged as either major or minor) before it is reconsidered.

8. Journal Evaluates the Reviews

The handling editor considers all the returned review before making an overall decision. If the reviews differ widely, the editor may invite an additional reviewer so as lớn get an extra opinion before making a decision.

9. The Decision is Communicated

The editor sends a decision email to the author including any relevant reviewer comments. Whether the comments are anonymous or not will depend on the type of peer reviews that the journal operates.

10. Next Steps


An Editor"s Perspective

Listen khổng lồ a podcast from Roger Watson, Editor-in-Chief of Journal of Advanced Nursing, as he discusses "The peer review process".

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If accepted, the paper is sent to lớn production. If the article is rejected or sent back for either major or minor revision, the handling editor should include constructive comments from the reviewers to help the tác giả improve the article. At this point, reviewers should also be sent an email or letter letting them know the outcome of their review. If the paper was sent back for revision, the reviewers should expect lớn receive a new version, unless they have opted out of further participation. However, where only minor changes were requested this follow-up nhận xét might be done by the handling editor.